Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee,
named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the
house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.
And the angel came in unto her,
and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed
art thou among women.
when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what
manner of salutation this should be.
the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt
call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the
Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there
shall be no end.
said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and
the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing
which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
And, behold, thy
cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the
sixth month with her, who was called barren. For with God nothing shall be
Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word.
And the angel departed from her. (St. Luke 1:26-38, King James
The earliest representation of the
Annunciation, in the Catacomb of Priscilla in Rome (late 200s, above), shows Mary
seated on a throne and a wingless angel gesturing toward her, both in Roman garb
(Simon-Peter, "January 2009," The Sequere Me Blog,
Silk cloth, Constantinople, c800 ("Museo Sacro - I,"
The Feast of the Annunciation, Lady Day, falls nine months before Christmas,
in accordance with the ancient tradition that the angel's words came true, and
Jesus was conceived, as soon as Mary assented. Fiat mihi secundum verbum tuum,
her words read in the Latin Vulgate; modern Catholic thought makes much of
Mary's "Fiat" as an exemplary alignment of human will with God's,
demonstrating the power of free will when unconditionally agreeing to the divine
Gabriel's words "troubled" Mary, but her
consent made possible Christ's incarnation, just as his agonized assent in
Gethsemane made possible our redemption. This joyful feast usually occurs during
the penitential season of Lent in the Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant
churches that celebrate it.
Also commemorated this
|Onze-Lieve-Vrouw, Wijnendale, Torhout, West Flanders, Belgium (Our
Dear Lady of Wijnendale) |
|Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van Zeven Weeën, Waasmunster, East Flanders,
Belgium (Our Dear Lady of Seven Sorrows). Procession.|
|Onze-Lieve-Vrouw ter Druiven, Aalst, East Flanders, Belgium (Our
Dear Lady of the Grapes)|
|Notre-Dame de Bonne Espérance, Vellereille-les-Brayeux, Estinnes,
Hainaut, Belgium (Our Lady of Good Hope)|
|Onze-Lieve-Vrouw ter Muylen, Liedekerke, Flemish Brabant, Belgium
(Our Dear Lady of the Mules)|
|Notre-Dame de la Consolation, Ittre, Walloon Brabant, Belgium|
|Cairo, Egypt, Shubra district. Apparitions began, 1986, at St.
Demiana Coptic Orthodox Church.|
|Notre-Dame de Signy, Signy-l'Abbaye, Ardennes, Champagne-Ardenne,
France. Cistercian abbey founded, 1135.||
Fresco, Fra Angelico, 1450, San Marco, Florence, Italy (www.opne.org)
|Notre-Dame du Mûrier, Batz-sur-Mer, Croisic, Brittany, France (Our
Lady of the Mulberry). Church dedicated, 1496.|
|Notre Dame, Poissy, Yvelines, Île-de-France, France|
|Notre-Dame de Bonne Nouvelle, Frouville, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France,
France (Our Lady of Good News). Apparition, 1560.|
|Notre-Dame, Arcachon, Gironde, Aquitaine, France. Feast day; chapel
rededicated, 1987, after arsonist burned it; statue unharmed.|
|Notre Dame du Cédon, Pavie, Gers, Midi-Pyrénées, France (on Cédon
River). Plague ended after town vowed annual pilgrimage, 1631.|
|Unseren Lieben Frau am Anger, Berchtesgaden, Upper Bavaria, Germany.
Ährenkleidmadonna (Our Lady of Corn), Franziskanerkirche.|
|Vári Boldogasszony, Esztergom, Esztergom, Hungary (Blessed Virgin of the
Castle). In Bakócz Chapel in Cathedral.|
|Mary of Nazareth, Nazareth, North, Israel. International Center opened,
|Madonna della Possenta, Ceresara, Mantova, Lombardy, Italy. Fair; mass,
|Santa Maria delle Grazie, Pavia, Pavia, Lombardy, Italy. Church built
after healing of paralyzed boy at wayside shrine March 25, 1609.|
|Madonna dello Zocco, Velezzo Lomellina, Pavia, Lombardy, Italy (Our Lady
of the Log). Also day after Easter.|
|Madonna Mora, Mira, Venezia, Veneto, Italy, Borbiago district|
|Madonna di Monte Carmelo, Loana, Savona, Liguria, Italy (Our Lady of Mount
Carmel). Church dedicated, 1609. Feast July 16.|
|Madonna dei Garzoni, Conselice, Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy|
|Santa Maria di Tornasano, Filottrano, Ancona, Marche, Italy |
|Onze Lieve Vrouw van alle Volkeren, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Our Lady of
All Nations). First apparition to Ida Peerdeman, 1945.|
|Nuestra Señora de los Remedios, Llanos, Penagos, Santander, Cantabria,
|Marie-Reine de l'Univers, Tambacounda, Senegal (Mary Queen of the
Universe). Cathedral blessed March 25, 1973.|
|Marie Reine, Thiès, Senegal. Church inaugurated, 1965.|
|Virgen de Carrsaquedo, Grañón, La Rioja, Spain. Romería to sanctuary 2
miles from town; mass; potatoes and sausage.|
|Nuestra Señora de la Gloria, Ara, Jaca, Huesca, Aragon, Spain|
|Virgen de la Cinta, Tortosa, Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. Apparition,
|Nuestra Señora de Peñas Albas, Cabezuela del Valle, Cáceres,
Extremadura, Spain (Our Lady of the White Rocks)|
|Nuestra Señora de Lares, Puebla de Alcocer, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain.