April 25

Mother of God, Murom, Vladimir, Russia

The story goes that Prince Konstantin (d. 1129), son of Sviatoslav II of Kiev, sent his own son Michael to convert the city of Murom to Christianity, but the people there killed the royal missionary. So Konstantin went to Murom himself, carrying an icon of the Mother of God from the Kiev Monastery of the Caves. At the sight, the pagans asked for forgiveness and baptism. The icon remained in Murom until St. Basil (d. 1295) took it to Ryazan, sailing 100 miles down the River Oka on his bishop's mantle. After his death it was placed on his tomb in the Ryazan Cathedral. When the cathedral closed following the Russian Revolution, the original icon disappeared. The Russian Orthodox Church celebrates the Murom Mother of God on April 25 (April 12 in the old calendar), feast day of St. Basil of Ryazan. The Murom Icon is considered to be of the Tenderness (Eleusa) type, but here the child touches his mother's cheek with his hand, rather than with his own cheek, as in the famous Eleusa of Vladimir. The image shares elements of Directress (Hodegetria) icons, such as Our Lady of Kazan, whose child also holds a scroll. The copy shown here was painted by Russian artist Simon Ushakov in 1677. (Picture from "Реферат: Искусство Москвы 17 века," www.bestreferat.ru/referat-39826.html. Information from "The Lives of the Saints," Orthodox Church in America, www.oca.org/FSlives.asp, and other sources.)

Also commemorated this date:

bulletVisitation of the Theotokos to Elizabeth, Melkite Greek Catholic Church 
bulletTransfer of the Venerable Belt of the Mother of God from Zila to Constantinople in the year 942, Orthodox churches (April 12 old style)
bulletMaria Taferl, Maria Taferl, Melk, Lower Austria, Austria (Mary of the Table). Foundation stone placed, 1660. Feast Sept. 15.
bulletMother of God, Belynich, Mogilev, Belarus (April 12 old style)
bulletNotre-Dame de Miséricorde, Charleroi, Hainaut, Wallonia, Belgium, Marchienne-au-Pont district. First mass in chapel, 1627.
bulletMadonna di Monserrat, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy. Votive procession commemorates Napoleonic retreat.
bulletMadonna del Boschetto, Dorno, Pavia, Lombardy, Italy (Our Lady of the Copse). Painting crowned, 1966.
bulletMadonna, Castiglione delle Stiviere, Mantova, Lombardy, Italy. Procession in Astore district every five years.
bulletMadonna delle Grazie, Costabarissa, Vicenza, Veneto, Italy. Vow made, 1917 & 1918, to build church if town not invaded.
bulletMadonna della Misericordia, Sant'Ambrogio di Valpolicella, Verona, Italy, Gargagnago district. Statue crowned, 1954.
bulletMadonna dei Cuori, Canda, Rovigo, Veneto, Italy. People unharmed when retreating Germans set off all their munitions, 1945.
bulletMadonna dei Miracoli, Castel Rigone, Perugia, Umbria, Italy. Painting found after apparition, 1490.
bulletMadonna del Castagno, Marta, Viterbo, Latium, Italy
bulletMadonna della Vittoria, Montalto di Castro, Viterbo, Latium, Italy
bulletMadonna del Cuore, Gerano, Roma, Latium, Italy (Our Lady of the Heart). Infiorata, with street tapestries of petals (Sunday following)
bulletMadonna dei Fiorentini, Riofreddo, Roma, Latium, Italy
bulletMadonna d'Aprile, Guidonia Montecelio, Roma, Latium, Italy
bulletMadonna delle Armi, Cerchiara, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
bulletMadonna d'Aprile, Firmo, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
bulletMadonna Annunziata, Turi, Bari, Apulia, Italy. "Passa Passa" procession.
bulletMadonna Annunziata, Castro, Lecce, Apulia, Italy
bulletMadonna del Teofilo, Martano, Lecce, Apulia, Italy
bulletVirgen del Pilar, Baños de Rioja, La Rioja, Spain. Procession from rural chapel to parish church. 
bulletVirgen de Ujué, Ujué, Tafalla, Navarre, Spain. Romería Sunday following. Feast Sept. 8.
bulletVirgen de Ordás, Nueno, Huesca, Aragon, Spain. Romería.
bulletVirgen del Puente, Sahagún, Léon, Castile and Léon, Spain (Virgin of the Bridge). Fiesta & romería.
bulletVirgen de las Virtudes, Santa Cruz de Mudela, Ciudad Real, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. Main feast Sept. 8. Fiesta del voto Apr. 25.
bulletVirgen de La Natividad, Méntrida, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. Romería.
bulletVirgen de Monsalud, Alfarnate, Málaga, Andalucia, Spain. Bajada St. Mark's Day, April 25; Subida June 13, St. Anthony's Day; Fiesta Sept. 12.

Where We Walked ~~~ Mary Ann Daly