August 5

marian calendar     august

Nuestra Señora de la Antigua, Lima, Peru

Tradition holds that the Virgin appeared to Ferdinand III in 1248 during his reconquest of Seville, saying, "You have a constant protector in my image of La Antigua, whom you love well and which is in Seville." After he entered the city, the mosque wall appeared transparent to him, so that he could see the old fresco hidden inside. The present image in Seville's Cathedral appears to date from the 1300s. But however old St. Mary the Ancient is, by the time Spain colonized the Americas, devotion to her was still strong. Conquerors, missionaries, and settlers from Andalucia carried the devotion the New World, placing her image in the cathedrals of Mexico, Panama, and Peru.

In 1544, the archdeacon of Seville's cathedral sent a copy of the fresco to his counterpart in the suffragan cathedral of Lima, where it was placed in the choir chapel behind the main altar, as in Seville. There it became a focus of devotion and the recipient of papal indulgences. In 1627 Our Lady the Ancient was named patron of the first university in South America, the University of San Marcos in Lima. Ven. Francisco Camacho (1629-1698) came to Lima as a soldier, but joined the Order of Hospitallers after a conversion experience in the Chapel of La Antigua. He stayed in Lima for 30 years, living a holy life and sometimes speaking with the Virgin in her chapel. In 1895 the Cathedral was remodeled and the painting of St. Mary the Ancient moved to a side chapel.

Her fiesta is celebrated on August 5.

Sources:

Rubén Vargas Ugarte, Historia del Culto de María en Iberoamérica, in "Nuestra Señora de la Antigua de Lima," Mariologia, www.mariologia.org/advocacionesperu06.pdf 
"Nuestra Señora de la Antigua de Lima, Perú ( 5 de Agosto)," Foros de la Virgen María: Advocaciones y Apariciones, foros-virgen-maria.blogspot.com/2009/07/nuestra-senora-de-la-antigua-de-lima.html 
"Capilla 'de la Antigua' de Catedral de Lima luce restaurada," Feb. 20, 2009, Arzobispado de Lima, www.arzobispadodelima.org (picture)

Also commemorated this date:

Dedication of St. Mary Major, Roman Catholic Church
Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria, Copacabana, Manco Cápac, La Paz, Bolivia
Notre-Dame-des-Neiges, Antras, Ariège, Midi-Pyrénées, France (Our Lady of the Snows). Pilgrimage to mountain shrine.
Our Lady of the Snows, Raia, South Goa, Goa, India
Our Lady of the Snows, Thoothukudi, Tamil Nadu, India
Nostra Signora delle Penne, Laigueglia, Savona, Liguria, Italy
Madonna Lacrimosa, Novi Ligure, Alessandria, Piedmont, Italy
Madonna di Crea, Serralunga di Crea, Alessandria, Piedmont, Italy
Madonna dei Boschi, Boves, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy
Beata Vergine di Monte Albano, Mori, Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy
Maria Santissima Ausiliatrice, Rovereto, Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy (Most Holy Mary the Helper)
Madonna del Grappa, Feltre, Belluno, Veneto, Italy
Madonna del Sudore, Castel del Rio, Bologna, Emilia- Romagna, Italy (Madonna of the Sweat)
Beata Vergine dell'Acero, Lizzano in Belvedere, Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (Blessed Virgin of the Maple)
Madonna delle Grazie, Badia Tedalda, Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy
Madonna delle Lacrime, Trevi, Perugia, Umbria, Italy
Madonna della Quercia, Marano Equo, Roma, Latium, Italy 
Santa Maria della Neve, Rome, Italy (St. Mary of the Snow). Snowfall indicated site of Santa Maria Maggiore church, 358. 
Santa Maria del Piano, Episcopia, Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
Madonna del Soccorso, Muro Lucano, Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
Madonna della Neve, Copertino, Lecce, Apulia, Italy
Madonna della Luce, Castrì di Lecce, Lecce, Apulia, Italy 
Madonna delle Grazie, Soleto, Lecce, Apulia, Italy
Madonna Greca, Isola di Capo Rizzuto, Crotone, Calabria, Italy
Santa. Maria de Jesu, Bocchigliero, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
Madonna di Costantinopoli, Campana, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
Madonna della Neve, Cetraro, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
Beata Vergine del Soccorso, Fuscaldo, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy
Maria Santissima Annunziata, Ficarra, Messina, Sicily, Italy
Joy of All Who Sorrow, St. Petersburg, Russia (July 23 Julian)
Nuestra Señora de la Rueda, Barros, Los Corrales de Buelna, Besaya, Cantabria, Spain (Our Lady of the Wheel)
Nuestra Señora del Soto, Iruz, Santiurde de Toranzo, Pas-Miera, Cantabria, Spain (Our Lady of the Thicket)
Virgen Blanca, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Álava, Basque Country, Spain
Virgen de la Plaza, Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja, Spain. Fiesta.
Virgen de las Nieves, Yésero, Huesca, Aragon, Spain (Virgin of the Snows). Local romería on nearest Sunday.
Virgen del Remedio, Alicante, Alicante, Valencia, Spain
Mare de Déu de la Seu, Xàtiva, Costera, Valencia, Spain
Nuestra Señora de las Nieves, Arcos de la Frontera, Cádiz, Andalucia, Spain
Nuestra Señora de Linarejos, Linares, Jaén, Andalucia, Spain
Nuestra Señora de las Nieves, Teguise, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. Mass at shrine in Famara Mountains.
Madonna di Rima, Lavizzara, Vallemaggia, Ticino, Switzerland
Mother of God, Pochaiv, Kremenets, Ternopil, Ukraine (July 23 Julian)
Our Lady of Guadalupe, Windsor, Ohio, USA. Monumental statue consecrated, 1995.
 

Where We Walked ~~~ Mary Ann Daly