September 15

Our Lady of Sorrows, Roman Catholic Church

The order of the Servants of Mary, founded in 1223 by seven young Florentine noblemen who wished to live as hermits, early developed a devotion to the Seven Sorrows of Mary. Their chaplet of the seven sorrows uses a rosary of seven groups of seven beads upon which Hail Marys are said while meditating on the Virgin's sorrows:
  1. Mary hears St. Simeon prophesy that a sword will pierce her soul (Luke 2:35)
  2. Mary and Joseph flee with the baby Jesus to Egypt (Matthew 2:14)
  3. Mary and Joseph lose the child Jesus (Luke 2:45)
  4. Jesus carries his cross (John 19:17)
  5. Jesus dies on the cross (John 19:25)
  6. Jesus' body is taken from the cross (John 19:38)
  7. Jesus' burial (John 19:42)

The Catholic Church granted the Servite Order a liturgical feast of Our Lady of Sorrows in 1667. In 1814 the feast was extended to the entire church. Devotion to Our Lady of Sorrows has been very strong throughout the Catholic world, notably in eastern Europe and above all in Latin America, as the Virgen de Dolores. She is often depicted with one or more swords in her heart, usually seven, as in the the statue of Maria Santissima Addolorata in the Servite Church of San Pier Piccolo in Arezzo, Tuscany (right, from www.immaginidimaria.it).  

Also celebrated this date:
bulletOctave of Mary's Nativity, Roman Catholic Church (formerly)
bulletNossa Senhora das Dores, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil
bulletMaria Mãe do Redentor, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil
bulletNotre-Dame-du-Saguenay, Sainte-Rose-du-Nord, Québec, Canada. Monumental statue dedicated, 1881.
bulletOur Lady of Mongolia, Ershisiqingdi, Temed Right Banner, Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China. Monumental statue dedicated, 2011.
bulletPanna Maria Loretánská, Rumburk, Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic (Virgin Mary of Loretto). Chapel consecrated, 1707.
bulletNotre-Dame de Vaudouan, Briantes, Indre, Centre, France. Chapel consecrated, 1866. Pilgrimage 2nd Sun. after Sept. 8.
bulletNotre-Dame de la Croix, Ménilmontant, Paris, France
bulletNotre Dame de Pitié, Chaudes-Aigues, Cantal, Auvergne, France (nearest Sunday)
bulletNotre Dame de Pitié, La Chapelle-Saint-Laurent, Deux-Sèvres, Poitou-Charentes, France
bulletNotre-Dame de Talence, Talence, Gironde, Aquitaine, France
bulletNotre-Dame de Pitié, Montredon, Figeac-Est, Lot, Midi-Pyrénées, France. Pilgrimage Sept. 8-15.
bulletLiebfrauenbrunn, Werbach, Main-Tauber, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (Our Lady's Spring)
bulletMaria Frieden, Aschaffenburg, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany (Mary Peace). Mass on nearest Sunday.
bulletMaria im Sand, Dettelbach, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
bulletAddolorata,Villanova di Mondovì, Cuneo, Piedmont, Italy
bulletMadonna delle Grazie, Corchiano, Viterbo, Latium, Italy
bulletMadonna del Colle, Lenola, Latina, Latium, Italy (Our Lady of the Hill). Apparition, 1602.
bulletMadonna del Ponte, Lanciano, Chieti, Abruzzo, Italy
bulletMadonna del Canale, Campolattaro, Benevento, Campania, Italy
bulletMadonna di Montauro, Sarconi, Potenza, Basilicata, Italy
bulletSantisssima Maria della Luce, Mattinata, Foggia, Apulia, Italy
bulletMadonna Addolorata, Maglie, Lecce, Apulia, Italy
bulletMoeder van Smarten, Afferden, Bergen, Limburg, Netherlands
bulletBolesna Matka Sulislawska, Sulislawice, Swietokrzyskie, Poland (Sorrowful Mother of Sulislawice)
bulletMatka Boza Saletynska, Debowiec, Cieszyn, Silesia, Poland (Mother of God of La Salette). Statue crowned, 1996.
bulletMatka Boza Bolesna, Radomysl nad Sanem, Stalowa Wola, Subcarpathia, Poland. Painting crowned, 1991.
bulletVirgen del Cristal, Celanova, Orense, Galicia, Spain. Romería.
bulletNuestra Señora de las Angustias, Puente Almuhey, León, Castile and León, Spain
bulletNuestra Señora de la Bien Aparecida, Hoz de Marrón, Cantabria, Spain
bulletVirgen de Valvanera, Anguiano, La Rioja, Spain. Romería.
bulletVirgen del Rosario, Fonzaleche, La Rioja, Spain. Thanksgiving.
bulletVirgen de la Vega, Serón de Nágima, Soria, Castilla y León, Spain (Virgin of the Bottomland)
bulletVirgen de la Soledad, Badajoz, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
bulletNuestra Señora de las Angustias, Granada, Andalucía, Spain
bulletNuestra Señora del Socorro, Tíjola, Almería, Andalucia, Spain
 

Where We Walked ~~~ Mary Ann Daly