Nossa Senhora Aparecida, Aparecida, Sao Paulo, Brazil
|In 1953, the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil set October 12 as
the feast day of the country's patron saint, Our Lady of Aparecida, to
coincide with Columbus Day, which is also Children's Day in Brazil. In
1980, when Pope John Paul II was visiting, the Feast of Nossa Senhora
Aparecida became a national holiday.
It was in October of 1717 that Our Lady's statue "appeared" (aparecida)
when a fisherman caught it in the Paraíba River. After fishing
unsuccessfully for hours, João Alves netted first the body, then the
head. Then all three men in the boat found their nets full of fish.
Filipe Pedroso kept the statue in his home, where it gradually attracted
devotion. Miracles proliferated, and in 1734 the local priest moved the
image to a new hilltop chapel.
It is believed that a friar in São Paulo, Agostino de Jesus, sculpted
the image around 1650. Only 16" tall, the terracotta statue of Our
Appeared Lady, burnished like wood to a rich brown color, wears an
ultramarine cloak and a large golden crown. In 1904, the Catholic Church
crowned her Queen and Patron of Brazil.
Photo of Our Appeared Lady during the pre-feast novena,
Oct. 8, 2007, from the Sanctuary's site,
www.santuarionacional.com. Information also from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Lady_of_Aparecida.
Construction of the present basilica, second in size only to St. Peter's in
Rome, was begun in 1954. Pope John Paul II consecrated it in 1980. Devotion to
Nossa Senhora Aparecida, like the shrine itself, is huge. Many cities and some 300
churches in Brazil are named for her, and eight million pilgrims visit annually.
Also commemorated this date:
|Mary, Queen of All Hearts, Lestock, Saskatchewan, Canada. Church
dedicated, 1949. Procession August 22.|
|Gyor Madonna, Loughrea, Ireland. Copy of Irish Madonna in Hungary
presented to St. Brendan's Cathedral, 2003.|
|Madonna della Pace, Albisola Superiore, Savona, Liguria, Italy.
|Onze Lieve Vrouw van Binderen, Lelie onder de doornen, Helmond, North
Brabant, Netherlands. Statue installed in new chapel, 1941.|
Boża Różańcowa, Poznań, Greater Poland, Poland. Icon
|Yaroslavl-Smolensk Mother of God, Yaroslavl, Russia (Sept. 29 old
|Virgen del Pilar, Zaragoza,
|Verge Blanca, Lleida, Lleida, Catalonia, Spain, Mare de Déu de
l'Acadèmia (White Virgin or Academy Mother of God). Marian Academy founded,
1862. Literary competition held in Mary's honor on the first Sunday of
|Nuestra Señora de Las Cruces, Don Benito, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain|
|Virgen de la Teja, Villarrobledo, Albacete, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
(Virgin of the Tile)|