First Sunday in October


Maria Loreto, Starý Hroznatov, Cheb, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

On the first Sunday in October, 1664, Jesuits laid the foundation stone of the Loreto chapel near an old castle in Starý Hroznatov (German Altkinsberg), three miles outside the city of Cheb. The following year, on November 15, the statue of the Virgin and Child arrived from Loreto, Italy, where it had been blessed at the foot of the Black Madonna in the House of the Holy Family, believed to have been transported to Italy by angels. On July 7, 1667, the first mass was said in the chapel, followed by a procession. Soon regular pilgrimages were taking place from both Bohemia and Germany. A major devotional complex grew up on the site, with a large Way of the Cross and church, well attended into the 20th century. But after World War II, German residents of the area were expelled, and under the Communist regime, the shrine complex in the no-man's land on the German border fell steadily into ruin. After the Velvet Revolution in 1989, pilgrims began returning to the site, and the exiled Hart family made its restoration possible. To fulfill a vow he had made as he lay wounded on a snowy Russian battlefield in the war, Anton Hart donated and raised money, starting a German society devoted to the revival of Maria Loreto in 1992. His sister Hermina had the damaged statue and its ornaments restored. As the Germans worked with the Czechs to restore the shrine, it became a locus for and symbol of Czech-German reconciliation and cooperation. The first official Czech-German pilgrimage took place October 10, 1993. Since then, it is held every first Sunday of October, to commemorate the shrine's foundation.    

On October 1, 1994, the Chapel was rededicated and on October 6, 1996, the Holy Spirit Church. On May 15, 2008, the 3' dark lindenwood statue, in a newly jeweled mantle of precious metal, returned to the shrine. Information and picture from parish website, Rímskokatolická farnost Cheb,; see also the Association's site, Homepage des Fördervereins Maria Loreto e.V,

Throughout the Catholic world, many Marian celebrations occur on the first Sunday in October because of its proximity to the Feast of the Rosary (October 7), often combined with harvest festivals:

Mariathal, Kramsach, Kufstein, Tyrol, Austria (Mary's Valley)

Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van de Rozenkrans, Antwerp, Belgium (Our Dear Lady of the Rosary). Procession from St. Paul's Church.

Marche Notre-Dame, Aisemont, Namur, Belgium

Nossa Senhora do Patrocinio, Salto Grande, São Paulo, Brazil

Nossa Senhora da Penha, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sundays of Oct., torchlight procession on 1st or 2nd Sat.

Nuestra Señora del Rosario de las Peñas, Livilcar, Arica, Chile

Virgen de Tutasá, Tutasá, Tundama, Boyacá, Colombia

Notre Dame de Randol, Cournols, Puy-de-Dôme, Auvergne, France. Route Mariale, trek from Clermont to Abbey.

Notre-Dame de la Ronde, Chazeuil, Varennes-sur-Allier, Allier, Auvergne, France. Also Easter Monday.

Maria Gern, Berchtesgaden, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany. Second Sunday after Michaelmas, Sept. 29.

Maria Sondheim, Arnstein, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany

Madonna del Rosario, Montodine, Cremona, Lombardy, Italy 

Beata Vergine del Buonconsiglio, Cento, Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Dodici Morelli district (Blessed Virgin of Good Counsel)

Beata Vergine del Rosario, Poggio Renatico, Ferrara, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, Coronella district. Fiera, mass, procession.

Madonna del Rosario, Monterubbiano, Ascoli Piceno, Marche, Italy 

Madonna del Rosario, Gambatesa, Campobasso, Molise, Italy, S. Bartolomeo church. With grape festival.

Madonna della Vittoria, Nepi, Viterbo, Latium, Italy

Madonna del Rosario, Genazzano, Roma, Latium, Italy. With grape festival.

Madonna del S.S. Rosario, Norma, Latina, Latium, Italy

Madonna della Pace, Ceccano, Frosinone, Latium, Italy

Madonna del Rosario, Calitri, Avellino, Campania, Italy

Madonna del Lume, Santa Flavia, Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Porticello district

Madonna del Rosario, Roccalumera, Messina, Sicily, Italy, Allume district. Street procession.

Madonna del Rosario, Ventimiglia di Sicilia, Catania, Sicily, Italy

Madonna delle Grazie, Pietraperzia, Enna, Sicily, Italy

Maria Santissima del Rosario, Montedoro, Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy. With sausage festival.

Madonna del Rosario, Cittanova, Reggio Calabria, Calabria, Italy 

Madonna del Rosario, Borgia, Cardinale,  Falerna, & Santa Caterina dello Ionio, Catanzaro, Calabria, Italy 

Madonna del Rosario, Bonifati, Guardia Piemontese, Marzi, & Pietrafitta, Cosenza, Calabria, Italy

Madonna del Rosario, Fardella, Potenza, Basilicata, Italy 

Madonna del Rosario, San Chirico Nuovo, Potenza, Basilicata, Italy

Madonna del Rosario, Aliano, Matera, Basilicata, Italy 

Madonna delle Rine, Taviano, Lecce, Apulia, Italy. Festa & fair.

Madonna del Rosario, Tricase, Lecce, Apulia, Italy 

Onze Lieve Vrouw van Waddinxveen, Waddinxveen, South Holland, Netherlands

Onze Lieve Vrouw van Weert, Weert, Limburg, Netherlands

Virgen del Rosario, Julcán, Julcán, La Libertad, Peru

Virgen del Rosario, Urpay, Pataz, La Libertad, Peru

Virgen de Cocharcas, Izcuchaca, Huancavelica, Peru 

Matka Boża Opiekunki Turystów, Krościenko nad Dunajcem, Nowy Targ, Lesser Poland, Poland (Mother of God Patron of Tourists)

Senhora do Rosário, Santo Tirso, Porto, Norte, Portugal, Água Longa district

Nossa Senhora das Areias, Aveiro, Centro, Portugal São Jacinto district (Our Lady of the Sands)

Panna Mária Ružencová, Obišovce, Košice-okolie, Kosice, Slovakia (Virgin Mary of the Rosary)

Virgen del Rosario, Collado, Cieza, Besaya, Cantabria, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Salinas de Añana, Álava, Basque Country, Spain

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Berceo, La Rioja, Spain. Fiesta.

Virgen del Rosario, Villaseca, Fonzaleche, La Rioja, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Añón de Moncayo, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Bárboles, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Lucena de Jalón, Zaragoza, Aragon, Spain

Virgen de Rosario, Broto, Huesca, Aragon, Spain

Nuestra Señora de Atocha, Madrid, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Alatoz, Albacete, Castilla La Mancha, Spain

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Burjassot, Valencia, Valencia, Spain

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Los Barrios, Cádiz, Andalucía, Spain. Procession.

Virgen del Rosario, Salobreña, Granada, Andalucía, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Bullas, Murcia, Spain

Virgen de la Encarnación, Valleseco, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain

Nuestra Señora del Rosario, Fasnia, Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Virgen del Rosario, Durí, Trujillo, Venezuela


Where We Walked ~~~ Mary Ann Daly